Dating russian icons



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Russian icons




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Gold leaf is frequently used for halos and background areas; however, in some icons, silver leaf, sometimes tinted with shellac to Datijg like gold, [4] is used instead, icojs some icons have no gilding at all. Russian icons may also incorporate elaborate tinbronze or silver exterior facades that are usually highly embellished and often multi-dimensional. These facades are called rizas or oklads. A ruszian aspect Datingg icon painting is to varnish over the image with drying oileither immediately after the paint is dry, or later on. The majority of hand-painted Russian icons exhibit some degree of surface varnish, although many do not.

Back slats are sometimes necessary on newer icons of large size for the same reasons warping and stability as existed pre Age, authenticity, and forgeries[ edit ] Darkened icon of Ss. Catherine and Paraskeva 16th century, Pskov. Since the s, numerous late 19th- and early 20th-century icons have been artificially aged, then purported to unwitting buyers and collectors as being older than they really are. Often these "semi-forgeries" are perpetrated by master-level Russian icon painters, highly skilled in their ability to not only paint extraordinary works of art, but to "create age" on the finished icon.

Icons Dating russian

While the resulting icon may very well be a fine work of art that many would be glad to own, it is still considered to be a work of deception, thus lacking value as an icon beyond its decorative qualities. Another problem area in the field of icon collecting is the "recomposing" of legitimately old icons with newly painted then falsely aged images that exhibit a higher degree of artistry. For example, a primitive or "folk art" icon from the 17th or 18th century might be repainted by a modern master painter, then the image falsely aged to match the panel in order to create an icon that could pass as a 17th- or 18th-century masterwork.

In reality, it is nothing more than a 20th- or 21st-century masterwork on a 17th- or 18th-century panel. With the rise in the values and prices of authentic icons in recent decades, this is now also done with lower quality 19th-century folk icons that are repainted by contemporary masters and then artificially aged to appear to match the age of the panel. Legalities[ edit ] Pursuant to Russian law, it is presently illegal to export any Russian icon that is over one hundred years in age. Doctoring is done to deceive for monetary gain. Not only are new icons made to look old, but old icons are altered to make them look even older!

Ornamental metalwork added to icons called "oklad" or "riza" is also part of this unfortunate trend. New riza are being placed over icons to disguise damage and increase value. Riza are also being electroplated to add a thin layer of silver or even gold. Old riza are sometimes added to new icons of the same size and image, a practice made possible by the standardization of patterns and size common in Old Russia. So an icon of the "Kazan Mother of God" may be a new forgery covered by an authentic old riza. New cast metal icons are also a problem. Cast from old examples, they are very difficult to distinguish from authentic pieces.

Age, no, and jesus[ edit ] Met pan of Ss. At social, icons were generally servile in the "prime corner" of the between, on a u or hung on the tout. All no, courtesy James and Titiana Dakota and www.

Some are created legitimately to sell at fair prices as new religious objects, but the unscrupulous will offer new casts as antiques. Out of the hundreds of icons our firm receives each year for consignment, well over 50 percent are rejected due to the problems previously mentioned. So when it comes to buying, collectors must be very cautious about with whom they deal. An itinerant Dating russian icons immigrant with no phone or permanent address is not a good bet. Nor should a collector consider someone an expert just because he or she traveled to Russia or is displaying a large quantity of icons.

The vintage icons one encounters on various online outlets such as eBay are often outright Dating russian icons. Perhaps the biggest problem facing many dealers trading in icons today is that it is only a business. That is to say, while they may be well intentioned, they have not taken the enormous amount of time required to really learn about what they are selling. Subsequently, the sales pitch usually is a mish mash of truths and untruths, and eager and willing buyers go home thinking they've bought one thing, while in fact they've bought something completely different. Besides continually educating yourself, the safest protection is to purchase only from dealers who offer an unconditional guarantee that the item you are purchasing is guaranteed to be as described.

Of course, never buy anything from someone who tells you to "make the final call" as to the item's age, condition, etc. Of all the things best to remember about icons is perhaps that they were considered sacred objects. They were friends of the Russians who owned them; the helpers and comforters to which they turned in all the trials of life. To most of us brought up in different traditions in the West, religious art may be inspiring, and it may be decorative. But to the Russians, it was literally holy. Since the fall of Communism, the icon saints of old Russia, long hidden in the candle-lit shadows of icon corners, can now be found silently preaching in the marketplace of today.

As a consequence, the art of old Russia is now better known and recognized throughout the world than ever before in history. According to tradition, the original Tikhvin icon was painted by the Evangelist Luke and sent by him to Antioch. From Antioch, the icon was sent to Jerusalem, and later, in the 5th century, to Constantinople where a temple was built especially for it in the Blachere District.

Rusxian the icon disappeared from Constantinople several times, the last time it left the ancient city was in russiaj The first people to record its miraculous appearance were fishermen on Lake Lodoga, who reported seeing a bright light above them. The icon then came to rest about 25 russixn from the lake at Smolnovo. The residents there built a chapel, and many were cured of ailments. The icon is said to have mysteriously moved about from place to place, and in each place, the people erected chapels and soon temples. The icon finally came to rest at Tikhvin on the Tikhvin River in ruswian A wooden temple was built, dedicated to the feast of the Dormition, and the many who came to venerate the icon were cured of their ailments.

Several times the wooden temple that housed the miraculous image was leveled by fire, but the icon remained unharmed. Through the efforts of Prince Basil Ivanovicha stone church was built to replace the wooden temple, which had burned down. During construction, a section of arches crumbled, burying 20 workmen. Although all considered them dead, after three days the 20 men were found alive. About 50 years later, a monastery was established at the church. The Tikhvin Monastery was believed saved from destruction by the intercession of the Tikhvin Mother of God in when the Swedish forces invaded the country and besieged the cloister.

The size of the icon pictured here suggests it was most likely a church icon placed in the local tier of the iconostasis. It is a fine example of an icon which displays a small, but all important feature, revealing one of the first elements of Western influence to be detected in traditional icon painting of the period. This is the most famous of the icons attributed to St. It was brought to Kiev from Constantinople inand then taken by the great Prince Andrey Bogolyubsky during his sacking of Kiev. Init was placed in the city of Vladimir, from which the name is derived. It is considered a great miracle worker, and consequently, multitudes of copies exist.

The original icon has been repainted several times, and after restoration, only the faces of the Mother and Child remained original. The original icon is displayed at the Tretyakov Museum in Moscow.

A bitter battle persists between the Russian Orthodox Church and the government of Russia over this and many other famous icons. Therefore, when ifons one of the antique Russian icons, make sure it was restored by a professional restorer. Use the black light to know the truth! Otherwise, you will waste your money. This simple yet effective test can help you spot a fake. Moreover, take a closer look at the paint itself. Craquelure Any old paint or varnish normally has a fine network of cracks called craquelure. In this way, antique Russian icons with random and irregular craquelure that extends through all the layers are a good sign.


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